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Hover Travel and you may Bee Travel Species Assortment

Hover Travel and you may Bee Travel Species Assortment

Bee Variety Diversity

Of 2009 in order to 2018, 192 bee range (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) is trapped from inside the Calanques Government Playground thru each other on the internet and you are going to pan trap collection. It belonged to half dozen families and you can 38 genera. Megachilidae are probably the extremely groups-rich nearest and dearest, with Apidae and Halictidae, that have 53, forty-two, and you will 43 kinds, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is simply brand new richest genus, with 33 range, if you’re 7 genera was illustrated regarding one variety (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Dining table step one [on line only] ). Utilizing the jackknife step 1 and you will dos bots, new bee kinds fullness is actually estimated to be anywhere between ± nine.89 and you may ± . The new viewed richness hence depicted 71.3 so you’re able to 79.6% of estimated bee richness ( Table dos). The brand new Chao1 approach projected the fresh new seen richness locate 76.8% of one’s possible restriction richness ( Desk dos). The absolute most plentiful varieties is actually Apis mellifera L. (276 some one), having Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you will 168 people, respectively), and you will Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 people). Eventually, 50 kinds (26%) was depicted of the only 1 individual (singletons).

Environment Features from Bees

Regarding your environment attributes out-of nesting need, we understood 59 solitary bee species nesting a lot more than floor, 92 solitary bee diversity nesting underground and you may 23 cleptoparasitic range, comparable to 29.eight, 47.nine, and several.0% of your complete bee diversity richness, correspondingly. I notion of five personal types (bumble bees and you can honey bees-dos.1%). Fundamentally, the latest nesting choices out-of 14 range will still be unfamiliar (eight.3%- Supp Dining table the first step [online just] ). Regarding your floral diet off bee groups, i discovered that 105 items (54.7%) foraged on of several bush kinds (i.age., generalist variety, polylectic) and you can 51 varieties (twenty six.5%) foraged on one plant household members otherwise you to/pair plant species (i.years., elite group kinds, oligolectic). To your leftover thirty six bee assortment (18.8%), the new floral eating plan wasn’t identified (e.grams., with cleptoparasitic variety). not, very generalist species displayed a desires for just one or lots regarding bush family members ( Supp Desk step 1 [online only] ). Toward 49 singletons, fourteen bee groups (28%) ended up being specialists, and you will nine bee kinds (18%) have been cleptoparasitic ( Supp Dining table step 1 [on the web only] ).

A passionate IUCN updates are readily available for 178 range (excluding the brand new kinds property and you will as yet not known versions). The absolute most, 47 designs is actually categorized because research not having (DD-twenty-six.4%), 124 kinds were the absolute minimum worried (LC-69.6%), half a dozen kinds was actually close endangered (NT-step three.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you can L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and one kinds is assumed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table step one [online merely] ). Three oligolectic kinds was indeed one of several eight threatened bee systems. A great. ovatula and you may C. albomaculatus try specialist to the Fabaceae, D. argentata is simply a professional towards Caprifoliaceae.

Out of 2009 to 2018, 38 types of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was basically stuck inside Calanques Federal Playground. It belonged to twenty four genera ( Supp Dining table 2 [online merely] ). Probably the most plentiful genera were Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 individuals), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 someone), and Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville for the Latreille, 1828 (thirteen somebody), while 20 models (53%) was basically represented regarding just one private ( Supp Table 2 [on line simply] ). This new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) were represented of the 20 kinds, plus five singletons (25%) ( Supp Desk 3 [on the web just] ). The fresh quotation of complete diversity fullness out-away from hover flies and you may bee flies is ranging from 83 and 97 groups with the jackknife step 1 and you may 2 spiders, correspondingly. Consequently, the fresh viewed fullness represented 59.8–69.9% of your projected hover travel and you will bee fly fullness ( Table dos).

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